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Kawasaki Disease

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Kawasaki DiseaseKawasaki disease is an illness that almost always affects kids, most of them under the age of 5. It’s one of the leading causes of heart disease in children. CausesWhen a child has Kawasaki disease, the blood vessels throughout his body become inflamed. This can damage the coronary arteries, the vessels that carry blood to his heart. But Kawasaki disease doesn’t affect just the heart. It can also cause problems with lymph nodes, skin, and lining of the mouth, nose and throat. Scientists haven’t found an exact cause for Kawasaki disease. But they think it’s probably linked to a combination of genetics, exposure to viruses and bacteria, and other environment factors, such as chemicals and irritants.
SymptomsOne of the most important things to know about Kawasaki disease is that it comes on fast and symptoms show up in phases. It can lead to heart trouble in as little as 10 days to 2 weeks after the symptoms start. Signs of Kawasaki disease may include the following: High fever…

Respiratory syncytial virus

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Respiratory syncytial  virus (RSV), which causes infection of the lungs and breathing passages, is a major cause of respiratory illness in young children.

RSV is highly contagious, and spreads through droplets containing the virus when someone coughs or sneezes. It also can live on surfaces (such as counter tops or doorknobs) and on hands and clothing, so it can easily spread when a person touches something contaminated.



Those at greatest risk for severe illness from RSV include Premature infantsVery young infants, especially those 6 months and youngerChildren younger than 2 years old with chronic lung diseaseChildren younger than 2 years old with chronic heart diseaseChildren with weakened immune systemsChildren who have neuromuscular disorders, including those who have difficulty swallowing or clearing mucus secretions RSV season occurs each year in most regions of the U.S. during fall, winter, and spring. If you have contact with an infant or young child, especially those who were bor…

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

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Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing during sleep. It usually happens because something obstructs, or blocks, the upper airway. This is called obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can make the body's oxygen levels fall and interrupt sleep. This can make kids miss out on healthy, restful sleep. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea can lead to learning, behavior, growth, and heart problems.



Causes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
When we sleep, our muscles relax. This includes the muscles in the back of the throat that help keep the airway open. In obstructive sleep apnea, these muscles can relax too much and collapse the airway, making it hard to breathe. This is especially true if someone has enlarged tonsils or adenoids (germ-fighting tissues at the back of the nasal cavity), which can block the airway during sleep. Signs & Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
When breathing stops, oxygen levels in the body drop and carbon dioxide levels rise. This usually triggers …

Cytomegalovirus

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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus that can infect almost anyone. Once infected, your body retains the virus for life. Most people don't know they have CMV because it rarely causes problems in healthy people.

CMV spreads from person to person through body fluids, such as blood, saliva, urine, semen and breast milk. There's no cure for the virus. However, medications can help treat newborns and people with weak immune systems.
Babies Most babies with congenital CMV appear healthy at birth. A few babies with congenital CMV who appear healthy at birth can develop signs over time — sometimes not for months or years after birth. The most common of these late-occurring signs are hearing loss and developmental delay. A small number of babies may also develop vision problems. Babies with congenital CMV who are sick at birth tend to have significant signs and symptoms, including: Premature birthLow birth weightYellow skin and eyes (jaundice)Enlarged and poorly functioning liverPurple…

A sunken fontanel occurs when the soft spot on a baby's skull becomes more deep set than usual. One of the major causes is dehydration

The human skull is made up from several bones that are connected by tough fibrous tissue called sutures. These sutures give the skull some flexibility, allowing the head to pass through the birth canal. Where several sutures meet, they create a fontanel. Fontanels make the skull flexible enough for the brain to grow. When a child is born, it will have several fontanels on the skull, but the ones on the back (posterior) and top (anterior) of its head are the most well-known. For many babies, only the larger anterior fontanel is open after birth. People refer to this fontanel as the soft spot. Sometimes, the smaller posterior fontanel is also open and may be felt at birth but soon closes. Over time, this flexibility becomes less necessary, so the fontanels close up, and sutures harden. The anterior fontanel should curve slightly inwards but remain relatively firm. It is not always visible, particularly under hair. In some cases, the dip may be very pronounced and noticeable. This is a sunken…
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Reaching out to the World of hashtag#Neonatal and hashtag#Pediatrichashtag#gastroenterologist Join your peers to the conference "3rd World Congress on Pediatric Nursing and Care hashtag#gastrointestinaltracthashtag#nutritioustrench slated during

Candida Albicans

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Hompage: check out Candida Albicans:Candida albicans is a species of yeast — a single-celled fungus — that's a normal part of the microbes that live in your gastrointestinal tract. Small amounts of the yeast also live in various warm, moist areas throughout the body, including the mouth, rectum, vagina, and parts of your skin. Its numbers are naturally kept in check by the bacteria and other microorganisms that make up your microbiome, the community of microorganisms that inhabit your body. However, different factors can throw off your microbial balance, tipping the scales in favor of C. albicans and allowing the fungus to grow out of control and cause a yeast infection called candidiasis.
Share your ideas Signs of Candida Albicans Overgrowth The symptoms of Candida overgrowth vary depending on the location and severity of the infection. An intestinal Candida infection is often associated with Candida infections elsewhere on the body. Symptoms can include: Fungal infections of the s…